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MAS Table Top Pro Epoxy FAQ

Here is a list of common tips and techniques about MAS Table Top Pro epoxy application process. Product information regarding cure time, surface preparation, hardness, mixing quantities and more. Therefore, making your experience with MAS Table Top Pro epoxy as easy as possible.

Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)

Nitrile gloves, Tyvek arm guards, and disposable aprons are some of the most common forms of personal protective equipment (PPE) employed to help to prevent skin contact with the epoxy resin and minimize risks of sensitization.  Work in a well ventilated space or wear a National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) approved respirator equipped with an organic vapors cartridge.


Epoxy is a temperature sensitive material.  When cool, it’s thicker and sets slower.  When warm, it’s thinner and sets faster.  For best results, all materials and working conditions should be 70°F-80°F.  When working in conditions or with material below 70°F, Table Top Pro may become to viscous to properly release air and self level.  Working in conditions or with material above 80°F, Table Top Pro may set too quickly and exotherm, become too hot, which could cause it to yellow, distort or crack.


Easiest way to calculate the correct amount of epoxy for coverage is using our Resin Calculator . Coverage can depend on any number of factors, most notably coating thickness, porosity of the surface and waste, but a 1 gallon kit (½ gallon of resin and a ½ gallon of hardener) should cover about 12 square feet in 1/8” thick flood coat.  A ½ gallon kit (1 quart of resin and 1 quart of hardener) covers about 6 square feet in a 1/8” flood coat.  1 seal coat, followed by 1 flood coat is typical for application. 

Surface Preparation

The surface must be clean, dry and free of contamination.  Contaminates include, but are not limited to, the following:  Dust, oil, moisture, sap, lint, and sanding debris.  Do not use paper towels, dirty rags, contaminated sandpaper, or touch surface with oily fingers. Sand as needed and clean off sanding debris.  Wipe surface down with a clean cotton t-shirt rag soaked in an oil free solvent like denatured alcohol prior to applying epoxy.  Do not use tack cloth.

Bonding to Metal

When bonding to metal the surface must be bright and free of oxidation.  Some metals can tarnish quickly so it is a good practice to apply the epoxy shortly after prepping the surface.  Degreasing the surface with acetone, abrading with 80 grit sandpaper and degreasing again with acetone before applying epoxy is the simplest method to improve the epoxy to metal bond strength.  Degreasing is a VERY important step and should be done even if the surface appears clean.  Sanding might not be practical as this could scuff your diamond plate, so maybe just stick to degreasing with a clean cotton rag and acetone.

Mix Ratio

The mix ratio for the MAS Table Top Pro is 1 part resin to 1 part hardener (1A:1B) by volume, or 100 parts resin to 83 parts hardener (100A:83B) by weight.  Using the recommended mix ratio is VERY important when using epoxy.  DO NOT deviate in an attempt to speed up or slow down the gel time.  An excess of resin or hardener will negatively affect the cure and could cause a wide range of short and/or long term problems with your epoxy coating.

Mixing Containers

Clear SOLO brand disposable cups made of polypropylene (resin code 5, PP) work quite great.  If a large mass cures in them they can melt a little, but they do not dissolve in epoxy resin or hardener.  Wax free paper cups and metal cans also work well.  In addition, MAS Epoxy resins and hardeners are packaged in high density polyethylene (resin code 2, HDPE) containers, so most anything made of that should work well too.  I would stay away from polystyrene containers (resin code 6, PS) as they melt under low temperatures.

Mixing Technique

Best practice is to combine resin and hardener at recommended mix ratio, mix 1-2 minutes while scraping sides and bottom of container until no streaks or striations, transfer to second container, mix 1-2 minutes again until fully blended, let sit for 1-2 minutes to allow air bubbles a chance to start rising to surface, and then use immediately.  Take extra care not to whip in excess air.  The whole mixing process shouldn’t take more than 5-6 minutes.  If the mixed material starts to get warm, that’s your last warning the curing reaction is starting to take place and you need to get the epoxy poured onto your surface ASAP.  Don’t mix more than one gallon at a time, instead step pour multiple batches for larger projects.  Only mix up what you intend to immediately use.

Maximum Mixing Quantity

Do not mix more than one gallon at a time.  For larger projects, step pour multiple pours.  Only mix up what you intend to immediately use. For any knots or voids, make sure the bottom of the surface is taped so epoxy does not leak out of the bottom.

Working Time

Epoxy is a mass and temperature sensitive material.  The gel time (time it takes the mixed epoxy resin and hardener to initially harden up) can vary drastically depending on any number of factors such as mixing mass, material temp, ambient temp, mixing time, speed of mixing, speed of application, coating thickness, etc.  MAS Table Top has 30 minute gel time at 77F in a 150 gram mass, but will set up much faster if warmer or left sitting for an extended time in a larger mass.  The more you mix up, and the warmer it is, the faster it will gel.  That being said, 10-15 minutes is a rough average working time for a full kit at room temp.  If the mixed epoxy starts to heat up in your mixing bucket, apply immediately.

Seal Coat

Always apply a seal coat before flood coating.  To start, the surface must be clean, dry and free of contamination.  Next, apply a thin coat of mixed epoxy to surface.  Take care to cover and seal any voids or cracks present.  Allow the seal coat to cure to a rock hard solid, and sand with 80-120 grit paper, paying special attention to imperfections such as air bubbles.  Lastly, wipe clean with a cotton t-shirt rag and denatured alcohol.  The purpose of a seal coat is minimize the effects of off gassing.  The seal coat creates a thin air-tight barrier between a porous surface and the Table Top epoxy flood coat, so air bubbles can’t percolate up through the surface into the flood coat creating cosmetic defects.

Maximum Coating Thickness

Do not apply MAS Table Top Pro thicker than 1/8” – 1/4” per coat.

Pour and Spread

Pour mixed epoxy in a “S” shaped pattern on to surface.  Using the plastic spreader or foam brush provided, spread epoxy over entire surface pushing epoxy to the edges.  Do not apply thicker than 1/8”-1/4” per application.

Remove Bubbles

Let epoxy sit for 10 minutes to allow air bubbles to rise to the surface.  Using a propane torch or a heat gun, apply heat 6-8 inches above the surface in a back and forth motion to remove bubbles.  Be careful not to not over heat, scorch or burn the epoxy.  Periodically check for additional bubbles and remove as need.

Overcoating and Recoating

The overcoat time can be as short as it takes the previous coat to achieve surface tack.  When in doubt, use a cotton ball to test.  If the epoxy is tacky enough to pull the hair off a cotton ball, you can recoat without additional surface prep or sanding all the way up until you can no longer indent a fingernail into the previous coat.  That should be around 2-4 hours after pouring.  Past that point you will want to lightly scuff sand between coats to promote adhesion.  This also applies to recoating or touching up aged epoxy surfaces.  As a general rule, if you can sand, you should sand.  Keep in mind, warmer conditions and thicker coatings set up faster.

Step Pouring

The maximum casting depth of MAS Table Top Pro is 1/8” – 1/4” per pour, but deeper castings can be achieved by step pouring multiple layers.  Each layer MUST be allowed to cool to room temperature (70-80°F) before adding additional layers.  Once cooled, you can pour the next layer without additional surface prep all the way up until you can no longer indent a fingernail into the previous coat.  No sanding necessary.  That should be around 2-4 hours after pouring, but warmer temperatures will set faster, and cooler temperatures will set slower.  Large batches of mixed epoxy will also cure much more quickly than small batches.  Past that point you will want to lightly scuff sand between coats to promote adhesion.  As a general rule, if you can sand, you should.


To tint epoxy, simply use an epoxy compatible colorant and follow the manufacturer’s instructions.  Typically you would add a small amount of the colorant into the resin or into the blended resin and hardener.  2-5% loading level should have no significant effect on cure.  A wide range of colorants, pigments, dyes and tints are compatible with MAS Table Top Pro such as Gamblin Dry Pigments, One-Shot Lettering Enamels, K-Bond Color Pigments and most alkyd based paints.  We’ve also had great success with Black Diamond powder mica pigments, both metallic and flat, to get a marbled or colored effect with the Table Top Pro epoxy.  As with most projects, artwork especially so, each piece is unique.  A quick small-scale colorant compatibly test is recommended to make sure it stays evenly dispersed and the epoxy cures properly.  Pigmented epoxy may be somewhat more UV resistant than unfilled epoxy, but should still be protected with a UV resistant coating for outdoor use.

Stain Compatibility

DO NOT apply oil based stains to surface prior to applying epoxy. Coating oil based stains with epoxy will result in surface imperfections and adhesion issues. We typically recommend using a water-based stain under the epoxy clear coat. Be sure the stain is fully dry before coating work with epoxy.  It’s also a good idea to first test your stain for compatibility with epoxy using the cross hatch test:  Apply the stain a scrap piece of wood.  Let it dry.  Apply the epoxy over the stain and let it sit overnight.  Next day cut a tic-tac-toe image into the epoxy with a shop knife.  Place a piece of Duct tape on each of the nine squares.  Try to remove the epoxy.  If it comes off easily without any wood chards then there is an adhesion problem and will not work, but if it comes off with bits of wood attached, the epoxy is penetrating the stain and will adhere well.

Image Media Compatibility

In our experience MAS Table Top Pro is compatible with most image and photo media, but the results can vary depending on the particular ink, paint, and/or paper being over-coated.  As with most projects, artwork especially so, each piece is unique.  We always recommend a running a small scale compatibly test to ensure the image won’t bleed.

Buffing and Polishing

An unconventional approach, but can be useful to remove small surface imperfections while maintaining high gloss finish or dull the high gloss look of an epoxy coating to a satin finish.  To remove small surface imperfections and/or obtain a high gloss finish, wet sand using grits in smoother succession up to 2000 grit, then buff with NOVUS 3 Heavy Scratch Remover followed by NOVUS 2 Fine Scratch Remover, while changing pad and cleaning abrasives off between coats.  For a satin finish, buff surface with Turtle Wax Polishing Compound, Light to Medium Cleaner, until you’ve reached the desired effect.

Outdoor Use and UV Protection

MAS Table Top Pro can be used for exterior projects and furniture, but like most consumer products, Table Top Pro is not UV stable.  Generally speaking, epoxy resin tends to yellow and may chalk when exposed to direct sunlight for extended periods of time, which is why we recommend protecting epoxies with a UV protectant varnish or paint for outdoor use.  Marine grade polyurethane varnishes like Bristol Finish UV Clear, with enhanced UV protection additives, offer improved UV stability and abrasion resistance over “off the shelf” spar varnishes available at your local hardware store.

River Tables

The max thickness MAS Table Top Pro should be applied is 1/8-1/4” per layer.  We typically recommend using MAS Deep Pour epoxy for river tables where you can pour large amounts of epoxy up to 1-2” thick, and then using MAS Table Top Pro as the top coat.  However, thicker coats and castings of Table Top Pro can be achieved by step pouring multiple layers.  Each layer MUST be allowed to cool to room temperature (70-80°F) before adding additional layers.  Use caution for very large pours.  Pouring too thick and layering too quickly could cause the curing epoxy to heat up, yellow, distort or crack.

Cure Time

MAS Table Top Pro in a 1/8” thick coat at 77°F should be tack free in roughly 4 hrs, sandable after 8 hrs, and fully cured in 5-7 days.  Keep in mind that epoxy is mass and temperature sensitive.  Thin coats and cooler working conditions will cure slower, and thick coats and hotter working conditions will cure faster.

Hardness and Scratch Resistance

MAS Table Top Pro has a hardness rating of 82 Shore D, and is resistant to scuffing and scratching under normal table wear and tear conditions.  However, it’s important to keep in mind that epoxy takes roughly 5-7 days at room temperature to fully cure and develop its full mechanical and thermal properties.  Best practice to wait until epoxy is fully cured before putting into use.  One of the great things about an epoxy table top finish is that if it does get damaged, it can easily be sanded and recoated.

Temperature Resistance

The heat deflection temperature (HDT) of MAS Table Top Pro is 124°F.  We’ve also done extensive “hot coffee” cup testing up to 130°F on fully cured MAS Table Top Pro with no rings.  As a general rule, anything that will burn you (hot pans, boiling water kettle, etc.) can potentially leave an impression on the surface.  Best practice is to wait 5-7 days at room temperature for an epoxy surface to fully cure (develop it’s full mechanical and thermal properties) before putting it into service.


Shrinkage is typically a non-factor, unless you exceed the max casting depth of 1/8-1/4”.  Generally speaking, curing epoxy is an ectothermic reaction.  If cured in too large a mass, epoxy will get to hot upon curing and could potentially distort or shrink.

Food Contact

To our knowledge, no manufacturer is selling a FDA approved epoxy resin (some manufacturers may claim “FDA complaint”, “meets FDA guidelines”, etc – this is not the same as FDA approval. These are largely marketing claims that have not necessarily been substantiated). That said, we have made many table/bar tops with our product and personally feel comfortable if the tabletop contacts food. We’re happy to provide our Product Safety Data Sheets to any buyers as well if more information is desired.

Fish Eye

Fish eyes are caused by surface contamination.  Oil, wax, flecks of dust, sap, moisture, etc., even in small amounts, can cause surface imperfections in the coating.  One way to fix fish eyes is by letting the epoxy cure fully, mix a small amount of table top epoxy and put it over the fisheye or “pitting” spots. This can also be done with clear super glue for a quicker fix. Fill the spot and let it fully cure, hand sand the spot that was just filled. Lightly sand the surface and apply another coat to level it out.


To remove imperfections, lightly sand the affected area with 120-220 grit sand paper, clean sanding debris and solvent wipe with a clean cotton rage soaked in denatured alcohol.  Recoat the affected area with fresh dollop of MAS Table Top Pro to blend in with existing glossy surface.  Mixed Table Top Pro resin/hardener blend can also be diluted with roughly 2-5% denatured alcohol to help reduce mixed viscosity and improve self leveling in the affected area.


MAS Table Top Pro is considered a 100% solids epoxy coating.  While much of the industry will tell you their products contains zero VOC, we’ve actually tested our product and obtained a result of 1.5 g/L VOC, which is extremely low.  For reference, a low VOC house paint may contain up to 50 g/L VOC and other VOC-exempt solvents.


Unfortunately, it’s possible to develop an allergic sensitization to any epoxy resin system.  It is quite like the allergic reaction to poison ivy.  The severity of the reaction varies depending on the individual and the amount of exposure.  Some people become sensitized to the epoxy resin and others to the hardener.  Take measures such as wearing nitrile gloves, Tyvek arm guards and an apron to prevent skin contact with the epoxy.  If you do get some on your skin wash it off immediately with soap and water.  It’s less common, but in addition to developing a rash from skin contact, severely sensitized individuals can also have an allergic reaction to vapors from the epoxy resin and hardener.  Symptoms may include tightening of the throat and difficulty breathing.  We recommend working in well ventilated areas for precisely that reason.  If you must work with the epoxy resin in a confined space, wear a NIOSH approved respirator with an organic vapor cartridge.

Clean Up

Warm soapy water works well for hardeners.  Denatured alcohol, Isopropyl alcohol or acetone work well for resins.  Best to soak up and/or scrape off as much material as you can with some rags first and then clean the affected areas with one of the options listed above.  Cured material cannot be removed with solvents.  Must be sanded away.

Shelf Life and Storage

The shelf life of MAS epoxy resins and hardeners is at least one year in sealed containers, but the material can last much longer when stored between 60-90°F in a dry place.  The product should be stored indoors, on a raised surface off the floor and away from exterior walls.  Do not allow epoxy resins or hardeners to freeze during winter storage.  After use, tightly reseal all containers.  With age or when stored improperly, you may encounter issues such as crystallization of the epoxy resin or yellowing of the hardener.  If there is any doubt about the condition of old material, we recommend mixing a small amount in a disposable cup to ensure it hardens before using it for a project.


  1. Douglas B. Andersen

    This stuff is awesome. Will definitely use again.

  2. Very pleased with the results just such a shame about how expensive all epoxy resins are making a coffee table very expensive , for example 10 litres required for a large coffee table will cost on average £160 add your wood and some legs !
    Saying all that this product is top class

  3. W Simpson

    In the coverage section, 1 mixed gallon should cover 12 square feet does not seem to match the 1 mixed ounce should cover 190 square inches

    1. MAS Epoxies

      Thank you for noticing this discrepancy! The coverage described as 12 square feet per mixed gallon is accurate. This should translate closer to 13 square inches per ounce. We have fixed the typo there and thanks again for bringing it to our attention!

  4. Howard Sidebottom

    I have mixed and used 3 x 1.89ltr Mas Table Top epoxies kits to cover a 1200mm dia oak table top to a depth of about 5mm.

    The each 1.89ltr part A & B kit was fully used and mixed together thoroughly with a paddle on a drill for several minutes before pouring.

    No noticeable heat at all was generated on or after mixing.

    I am now 48hrs plus down the line an there is no evidence of any set occurring anywhere on the table top for any of the three batches knocked up, to cover the table.

    I am starting to think there is a major issue and I am going to have wasted a lot of money, time and be left with a big mess to remove.

    I found the resin to be not very fluid and it took a lot of mixing.

    What is the problem ?

    1. MAS Epoxies

      Hi Howard,

      We are sorry to hear that you are having an issue with this. We will reach out by email to troubleshoot this with you.


      The MAS Epoxies Team

      1. How was this issue solved? I have much uneveness. Need to know how to level out.

        1. MAS Epoxies

          Hi Dave!

          Often times recoating can remediate this issue, but if that doesn’t help, try to sand the area to be even, then recoat. If you’re still having issues after that please give us a call or send pictures to and we can help you with your specific project!

          – MAS Epoxies

    2. I had experience the same issue. My mix was pretty thick, my table looks wavy, It didn’t self labeled.. this my second coat and have the same issues. It’s good quality product but not as liquid as I hope.

  5. ELEAZAR Rodriguez

    Can you use this epoxy over a painted surface? I painted my table top black for example.

    1. Latex or oil-based paints can cause some issues under epoxy, but spray paint, acrylic paint or any type of solvent based dye will work!

  6. Can you send me the pumps for two half gallon units of resin and hardener.

    1. Hello! Pumps typically do not perform well with Tabletop Pro, the viscosity is too high and the metering can become very inaccurate!

  7. You mention food contact but what about food safe? Can I use the resin for plates or cups to consume from?

    1. Hello! As a manufacturer of epoxy resin we believe in transparency and do not recommend using any epoxy resin (regardless of brand or claims) on projects that will have direct food contact on any project that will have direct continuous exposure to food or drink. If improperly mixed, improperly cured or if any additives such as pigments or powders are added, the material could possibly transfer into the food or drink.

  8. If I don’t want the epoxy to run over the sides of my plywood project, can I build a plywood form to put my project in, and than pour over the project?

  9. Edgar Vasco

    I used this product MAS Tabletop epoxy on my Dash board of my truck it looks great. What product can I used to clean it that it doesn’t affect the shine?

    I also want to use it for my wood floor inside my truck, what recommendations can you give me?

    Edgar Vasco

    1. You can treat it like glass and clean it with windex. You can also use car wax on it to keep fingerprints down. You could use tabletop for the flooring but it will be difficult not to scratch with the grit from the road and parking lots being tracked in on shoes.

      1. Thank you very much for your advice I really appreciated your tips with this product.

  10. Curt Nielsen

    So far, very pleased with product and results.

    If I do the top of a 1” thick bar top, how do I do the 1” edge to look as good as the top?


    1. The sides will be slightly thinner. You’ll want to elevate the piece and let the epoxy drip off, it is critical you break surface tension on the sides of the bar top. Basically you want to dump the epoxy onto the bar into a puddle, immediately wipe epoxy all along the edges and then spread the epoxy on the surface. After you’ve torched your bubbles go back over the edges with a heat gun or hair dryer to warm up the epoxy and help it flow evening down the vertical surface. It helps to do a small test run on a scrap piece to get an idea of how it will behave.

      1. Harold Mckean

        matt, can i apply a flood coat of Varathane gloss polyurethane Floor Finish, a water based product over my project for a layer of extra protection?

        1. You can however you will need to scuff up the surface to get it to adhere, the finish won’t be as brilliant as the original but it will stick to it.

  11. Paul Pasquinucci

    I have a problem on my third coat of table top pro. after sitting for about a hour it has developed what we call orange peeling (when spraying lacquer). I didn’t have this issue with the first two coats so what could be causing it? I did sand and clean with alcohol, between coats. My shop temperature is running 68-72 deg’s, and is hard to control but again I didn’t have any issues with the first two coats. I’m allowing 24 hours between coats. Please Help

    1. Hey Paul,

      The orange peel is typically caused by a surface contaminate or not enough material on the surface to adequately and uniformly cover it. It could also be a combination of both. You can scuff the surface up and liberally wipe it down with denatured alcohol or acetone then apply another coat.

      1. Paul Pasquinucci

        Matt, thanks for the quick response, I followed the same procedure but use acetone and the surface is looking great. So thanks again and Happy Holidays!!

  12. I’m doing multi level bar and shelf. The seal coat and flood coats look great on the shelf and lower level of bar. The top level of bar looks uneven as if it didn’t self level, which i’m guessing is “orange peel”. Apparently i didnt use enough volume on this section since I sanded and cleaned with alcohol between coats and the other pieces turned out good. Also since i apparently used too little, I let most of the bucket drain out and there are a couple spots that don’t seem to be hardening after 2 days. While i believe the orange peel can be fixed with another heavy flood coat, what do I do about the spots that are not hardening? Will light sanding and another coat fix that? Or is there a better procedure?

    1. If you have soft spots, specifically sticky spots, you’ll want to use denatured alcohol or acetone to loosen up and dissolve the uncured epoxy. At which point you spot fill the void, let that cure for 24-36 hours then sand it flush. After another wipe down with solvent, you can flood coat the entire piece.

  13. I am trying to coat a large (72″) diameter table. I have done 2 coats. The first (seal coat) seemed to harden literally in minutes and I was scrambling to try to spread it. I allowed to cure and sanded it down smooth. I applied a second coat and it went much better but now I have an area in the center that did not self level and I have a ridge. If I again sand smooth can I thin the last coat with some Denatured alcohol to help with the self leveling to finally get this thing smooth? Very expensive Alder table and stress levels are beginning to rise. Never had this sort of trouble. Temps 68 to 75 and humidity Arizona low. Mixing 64 oz of material per pour. Sanding and wiping between coats.

    1. When you mix the 64oz you will need to get out of the mixing vessel and onto the surface to dissipate heat. In many instances epoxy sitting in high volume will generate heat and when you pour it, it will begin to gel rapidly. Check out our troubleshooting page “Why is my epoxy resin hot and smoking” outlines this issue in detail

  14. Charles Esposito

    I plan on applying a seal coat and a second finish coat on a slab table. Is a a seal coat on the underside of a slab table sufficient to maintain moisture equilibrium?

  15. Lisa A Ross

    I’m not sure what to use to spread the resin over my surface. My pack didn’t come with any tools for this. Thank you

  16. I am applying an epoxy finish to a bench which will be located outdoors. Should I top coat with a marine varnish to increase UV protection?

    1. Check the UV section of the FAQ’s but yes we do recommend using a high-quality spar varnish for UV protection outdoors

  17. Dan Warren

    The resin I received is considerably thicker than any other brand I’ve used. When mixed with the hardener it’s so stiff that I don’t see how a flood coat is even possible. Is this normal? I live in a northern climate, is it possible this froze in transit and that’s my issue?

    1. It’s certainly possible. We’d recommend warming the epoxy up especially if you’re working in less than optimal conditions

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